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High Renaissance (1500-1600)

Paintings and tapestries from the High Renaissance period. Most mushrooms are stylized and not always obvious. A few are identifiable.

Click on any thumbnail below to enlarge.

Aelst, van, Pieter Coecke. Flemish. 1502-1556

[a] The Sacrifice of Isaac, from “Story of Abraham.” 1540-41

  • Medium: Weaving
  • Original source: Tapestry conceived by Bernaert van Orley. Dutch, 1528-31. Woven in Kempereer workshop, Bruxelles.
  • Mushroom description: One, possibly an Amanita muscaria
  • Location: Hampton Court Palace
  • Viewed at: Exhibition, Metropolitan Museum, New York City: Tapestries in the Renaissance. 2002.

[b] Triumph of Lust, from “Seven Deadly Sins.” 1542-43

  • Medium: Weaving
  • Mushroom description: Unidentified mushroom(s)
  • Location: Palacio Real, Madrid

Aelst, van, Pieter Coecke. Flemish. 1502-1556

[a] Sacrifice of Isaac

  • Medium: Oils on wood; size: 94 x 131 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Amanita caesarea and other capped mushrooms in the lower right.
  • Location: Uffizi Gallery, Florence
  • Reference: Berti, L., et alThe Uffizi. Scala. Milan. 1980.
  • Web: VirtualUffizi

[b] Christ and the Canaan Woman

  • Mushroom description: Indistinct white mushrooms in foreground
  • Location: S. Giovannino degli Scolopi, Florence

[c] Penitent Magdalene. 1601-02

  • Medium: Oils on canvas
  • Mushroom description: Two boletes, growing on a dead tree. Both have brown pilei and white stipes. One is approximately 5 x 12 cm. and has a closed white veil, the other is approximately 12 x 8 cm., with an open veil.
  • Location: Museo Stibbert, Florence, Italy
  • Reference: Magnificenza! The Medici, Michelangelo and the Art of Late Renaissance Florence. Yale Univ. Press. 2002.

Anonymous, Flemish School. 15th-16th century

December, Hunt Scene with Boar (illustration)

  • Original source: Grimani Breviary. Miniature produced in Bruges between 1496 and 1506; attributed to Memling, Gerard van der Mere, and “Liven de Gard.”
  • Mushroom description: Lower right corner, three agarics around a dead stump
  • Reference: Les Saisons, Collection Prière de l’Art, Ed. Desclée de Brouwer, 1954.

Anonymous, German. First half of the 16th century

[a] Autumn

  • Mushroom description: One or two Amanita caesarea on inner left thigh of reclining figure
  • Location: Pinacotec. Brescia, Italy
  • Reference: Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. New York: Pantheon Books. 1957.

[b] Autumn. 1573

  • Mushroom description: Human face. The ear is a gilled mushroom.
  • Location: The Louvre, Paris
  • Reference: Krigeskorte. G. Arcimboldo, Cologne, 1988. Schneider. Stilleben, Cologne. 1989.
  • Note: A painting by the same title is mentioned as missing in Krigeskorte. G. Arcimboldo, Cologne, 1988. A similar one is in a private collection in Bergamo, Italy (see Krigeskorte).
  • Web: Wikipedia

[c] Winter. 1563

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 67 x 51 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Two polypores, perhaps Ganoderma, serve as the lips to a figure otherwise composed of wood.
  • Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  • Reference: Brockhaus Enzyklopedie, Vol. 2. Mannheim, 1987.
  • Note: A similar painting, dated 1572, Oils on canvas, 92.7 x 71.7 cm., is in the Dominique de Menil Collection, Houston, Texas. Others works by the same title are in a private collection, the Louvre, the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlung, Munich, and in a private collection in Bergamo, Italy.

[d] The Vegetable Gardener. ca. 1590

  • Medium: Oils on wood
  • Location: Museo Civico Ala Ponzone, Cremona, Italy
  • Mushroom description: Turned upside down, the lips are two gilled mushrooms (Amanita caesarea?)
  • Reference: Krigeskorte, W. Arcimboldo, Cologne. 1988.

[e] The Fire. (Il Fuoco, Das Feuer) ca. 1590

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: Items under the fire are probably “German tinder” made from Fomes fomentarius
  • Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum (Gemäldegallerie), Vienna
  • References: Krigeskorte, W. Arcimboldo, Cologne. 1988. Fruth, H. J. Rhein-westfalen Z. Volkskunde. 1993 (18: 183). Meisterwerke der Kunst. Chur. 1994.
  • Note: Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. NY: Pantheon Books. 1957, notes that other Arcimboldos with mushrooms are owned by the Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida, and by Edward James, Esq., Chichester, UK. There are several more.

Baldung Grien, Hans. German. Gmund 1484/85 – Strasbourg 1545

[a] Three Ages of Man and Three Graces. 1539

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 151 x 61 cm. (each)
  • Mushroom description: Polypores on dead tree
  • Location: Prado, Madrid
  • Web: Olga’s Gallery

[b] Three Ages of the Woman and The Death. 1510

  • Medium: Oils on limewood; size: 48 x 32.5 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Two polypores on dead tree
  • Web: ibiblio

[c] The Crucifixion of Christ (Die Kreuzigung Christi). 1512

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: A Paxillus involutus found in the lower edge and possibly an Armillaria
  • Location: Kulturforum, Gemäldegalerie (Berlin. Inventory #603)
  • Web: Olga’s Gallery

Bazzi, Giovanni Antonio (called Il Sodoma). Italian. 1477-1549

[a] Cristo al Linsba (fresco)

  • Mushroom description: Two capped mushrooms on left, highly decayed
  • Location: Pinacoteca Nazionale, Siena, Italy

[b] Saint Sebastian. 1525

  • Medium: Oils on canvas; size: 206 x 154 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Possibly a clump of about four mushrooms by the right foot
  • Location: Galleria Palatina di Palazzo Pitti, Florence

Bedoli, Girolamo (called Mazzola). Italian. Viadana ca. 1500-Parma 1569

Mary with Child and John Between Saints Sebastian and Francis. (Maria mit Kind und Johannes zwichen dem Heiligen Sebastian und dem Heiligen Franziskus)

  • Mushroom description: Capped mushroom, perhaps Lactarius piperatus
  • Location: Galerie Alte Meister, Dresden
  • Reference: Dresden Catalog. 1992

Bles, Herri met de (called "Il Civetta," the Owl). Flemish. Bouvignes ca. 1480- Ferrara? ca. 1550

[a] Monkeys Plundering the Goods of a Merchant Who is Asleep Under a Tree (Affen plündern den Kram eines Händlers, der under einem Baum eingeschlafen ist)

  • Mushroom description: Several capped mushrooms, perhaps Coprinus
  • Location: Galerie der Alte Meister, Dresden (Inventory #806)
  • Reference: Dresden Catalog. 1992

[b] Landscape With Flight From Egypt (Landschaft mit der Flucht nach Ägypten)

  • Medium: Oils on oak; size: 50 x 80 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Group of polypores in middle foreground
  • Location: Ermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
  • Reference: Niederländ. Malereien des 15. und 16. Jh. in sowjetischen Museen. Leningrad. 1957
  • Web: Olga’s Gallery

[c] Christ Bearing the Cross

  • Size: 52 x 72 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Foreground, two clumps of small mushrooms; third clump in lower right
  • Location: Gemaeldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna
  • Reference: Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. New York: Pantheon Books. 1957

[d] Princeton University Art Museum has one similar to the above.

  • Reference: Mentioned in Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. New York: Pantheon Books. 1957.

[e] A Landscape With the Parable of the Good Samaritan

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 33.5 x 46.7 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower right foreground: three whitish mushrooms at the foot of a dead stump
  • Location: Unknown
  • Reference: Sotheby’s. Old Master Paintings, Part two. December 13, 2001. fig. 104.

[f] Flight from Egypt (panel)

  • Size: 52.3 x 68 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower right corner: seven agarics at the foot of a dead tree
  • Location: Musée Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Lille (inv. n° 831)
  • Reference: Le Siècle de Bruegel-a peinture en Belgique au XVIè siècle. Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Bruxelles, 27 sept.-24 nov. 1963.
  • Note: Similar to Bles [b]

Breughel (Bruegel), Peter, the Elder (also known as the Peasant’s Breughel) Flemish. Near Breda ca. 1528 - Bruxelles 1569

[a] The Misanthrope. 1558

  • Medium: Tempera on cloth
  • Mushroom description: Two mushrooms and a cluster of vaguely discernible; mushrooms are to the right of the tree stump. Russulasboletes?
  • Reference: Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. New York: Pantheon Books. 1957.
  • Web: Olga’s Gallery

[b] Visit to the Farmhouse

  • Mushroom description: A cauldron of food in the center of the room shows several stipitate mushrooms, perhaps Agaricus.
  • Location: Stibbert Museum, Florence

[c] The Rabbit Hunt. 1566

  • Medium: print
  • Mushroom description: Two mushrooms in the lower right foreground

[d] The Sermon of St. John the Baptist. 1566

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 95 x 160.5 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Middle foreground, on the right of a seated personage, a single brown mushroom
  • Location: Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
  • Reference: Color postcard published by the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

Breughel, Pieter the Younger. Flemish. Bruxelles 1564-Antwerp 1638

[a] Bridal Procession (Bruiloftsstoed)

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 69.5 x 116 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower left foreground: three (possibly eight) mushrooms silhouettes on a border of a forest
  • Location: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp, Belgium
  • Reference: Bekkers, L. Breughel Pieter de Jonge. Kunstbeeld 5-98.

[b] The Sermon of St. John the Baptist (De prediking van Johannes de Doper). 1624

  • Mushroom description: Four or five brown mushrooms silhouettes located below, at the right of middle
  • Location: Possibly in the Stedelijke Musea, Lier, Belgium
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen

Breughel (Bruegel), Jan, the Elder. Flemish. 1568-1625

[a] Sermon of St. John the Baptist (Prädigt des Hl. Johannes der Täufer)

  • Medium: Oils on wood
  • Mushroom description: Two small unidentifiable capped mushrooms on right background
  • Location: Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary
  • Reference: Catalog, Alte Pinakothek. Munich. 1999

[b] The Sermon of John the Baptist (Predigt Johannes des Täufers) Late 16th century

  • Mushroom description: Two dark mushroom silhouettes, in the middle foreground
  • Location: Stadliches Museum, Schwerin, Germany

[c] (attributed to) The Entry into Noah’s Ark (L’entrée dans l’arche de Noë) 1610-1620

  • Mushroom description: Lower left corner: a yellowish cluster of polypores (?), at the left side of a frog or toad
  • Location: Musée des Beaux Arts, Orléans, France

Bronzino, Agnolo di Cosimo. Italian. Florence 1503-Florence 1572

[a] The Sacrifice of Abraham

  • Mushroom description: Leccinum versipellis and other boletes
  • Location: Uffizi Galleries, Florence (not on exhibit)
  • Reference: Mentioned by S. Killermann, 1927

[b] Joseph is Recognized by His Brothers. From “Story of Joseph” (tapestry) With Raffaellino dal Colle. Borders with Lorenzo Zucchetti and Alessandro Allori. Woven in the workshops of Nicolas Karcher, Florence, 1550–53.

  • Medium: Wool, silk, and silver- and gilt-metal-wrapped thread
  • Size: 556 x 450 cm.
  • Mushroom description: A single bolete
  • Location: Palazzo Pitti, Florence

Burgkmair, Hans. German, Augsbourg 1473- Augsbourg 1531

The Battle of Cannae. (Schlacht bei Cannae)

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: Several capped mushrooms in left foreground
  • Location: Alte Pinakothek, Munich (not on exhibit)
  • Reference: Catalog, Alte Pinakothek. Munich. 1999.

Campi, Giulio. Italian, 1502-1573

King Seleucus of Locri Orders One of His Son’s Eyes to be Put Out

  • (Re Seleuco di Locri fa accecare di un occhio il figlio)
  • Medium: Tempera on canvas; size: 189.5 x 157 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower right, two mushrooms (Cortinarius sp.?) by a tree trunk and a vine
  • Location: Pinacoteca Torsi Martinengo, Brescia, Italy, Inventory n° 801

Campi, Vincenzo. Italian. Cremona 1536-Cremona 1591

[a] A Woman Selling Apples, Plums, Cherries, Mushrooms, Parsnips….

  • Mushroom description: Mushrooms indistinct
  • Location: Unknown

[b] Kitchen Scene

  • Medium: Oils on canvas
  • Mushroom description: In the foreground are about seven objects that may be mushrooms. (This needs further confirmation.)
  • Location: Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan, Italy

Caravaggio, Michelangelo. Italian. Milan 1571-Porto Ercole 1610

Rest During the Flight from Egypt (Repos pendant la fuite en Egypte). 1594-96

  • Medium: Oils on canvas; size: 130 x 160 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Upper center: Polypore (Bjerkandera adusta?) on a trunk of an oak
  • Location: Galleria Doria Pamphili, Roma, Italy
  • References: 1. Fabri, editor. Regards sur la peinture 13. 1988. 2. Caravage, Larousse, editor. Histoire de l’Art. Italie 3. Dossier, Art, editor. Calvesi, M. Caravaggio. Giunti (4) Color postcard edited by the Galleria Doria Pamphili, Roma.

Cock, Jan de. Dutch. Leiden ca. 1480-Antwerp ca. 1526

Fantastic Landscape with St. Jerome (Phantastisch Landschaft mit dem heiligen Hieronymus)

  • Medium: Oils on canvas; size: 34 x 46 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Right corner, foreground: three small white mushrooms at the foot of a dead trunk/stump
  • Reference: Dorotheum 74, Alte Meister Kunstauktion, October 15, 1996. fig. 74

Cranach, Lucas the Elder. German. 1472-1553

The Crucifixion with the Converted Centurion (completed 1538)

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 61.6 x 42.2 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Three stylized mushrooms on coat of arms on lower right corner
  • Location: Yale University Art Gallery
  • WebWikiPaintings

Dalem, Cornelis van. Dutch. Active 1535-1576

Landscape with Homestead. (Landschaft mit Gehöft) 1564

  • Mushroom description: Small agarics at the base of (maybe) an oak
  • Location: Neue Pinakothek, Munich
  • Web: Web Gallery of Art

Di Cosimo, Piero. Italian, 1461/62-1521

[a] The Birth of Christ (Geburt Christi)

  • Mushroom descriptionMarasmius sp. on wall
  • Location: Alte Pinakothek, Munich (Inventory #1511)
  • Reference: Mentioned by S. Killermann, 1927
  • Note: Not on exhibit in 2000

[b] The Myth of Prometheus (Darstellung der Prometheus-Sage) 1515

  • Mushroom descriptionAmanita muscaria, Macrolepiota procera and other mushrooms falling from a basket, small mushroom on right
  • Location: Alte Pinakothek, Munich. (Inventory #5973)
  • Reference: Kosina, C. 1990
  • WebWikimedia

[c] Madonna

  • Mushroom description: Three agarics (Laucoagaricus cf. leucothites)
  • Location: Staatsmuseum, Vienna. On deposit
  • Reference: Mentioned by S. Killermann, 1927

David, Gerard. Flemish. Oudewater ca. 1460-Brugge 1523

Triptych of Christ’s Baptism (Triptyque du Baptême du Christ)

  • Mushroom description: Central panel, left side near the middle part: three small whitish Agaricales at the foot of an oak.
  • Location: Stedelijke Musea, Groeningemuseum, Brugge
  • Reference: Beaux Arts Collection. Le siècle de Jan van Eyck. Ludion Focus, 2002

Deutsch, Niklaus Manuel. Swiss. Berne 1484-1530

[a] Pyrame and Thysbe

  • Medium: Oils; size: 151.5 x 161 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Whitish polypores (Fomes fomentarius?) on a trunk (of beech?) left and right of the signature “NMD”
  • Location: Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland
  • References: 1. Jörg Huber, Schweizer Malerei von. den Anfängen bis ins 20.Jahrhundert – Im Spannungsfeld, Kunst zwischen Kirche und Welt. Verlagsgesellschaft Beobachter Galerie 1985, 47 pp. + 30 col.illustr. 2. R. Heim, Revue de Mycologie 31(3) 1966. 3. Postcard Nr. 4946, Verlag Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland.

[b] Flute Player (Joueuse de flûte). ca. 1517

  • Medium: Ink drawing
  • Mushroom description: Lower left corner, three polypores on a stump
  • Location: Kunstmuseum, Basel, Switzerland
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen

Dürer, Albrecht. German, 1471-1528

[a] The Feast of the Garland (Das Rosenkranzfest). 1506

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: A small capped mushroom in right background
  • Location: National Gallery, Prague
  • Reference: 1. Anzelewsky. Dürer. Berlin-O. 1971. 2. Mittlestädt. Albrecht Dürer. Berlin-O. 1986. 3. Herder. Lexicon der Kunst, Vol. 4. Freiburg, ca. 1985.

[b] Woodcut of Polypores. 1513

  • Medium: Woodcut print
  • Reference: 1. Lippmann, F. Zeichnungen von A. Dürer in Nachbildungen. No. 912. Berlin. 2. Winkler F. Albrecht Dürer: Leben und Werk. No. 632. Berlin: Freitag. 1957.

Fiammingo, Paolo (Franck, Pauwels). Flemish. Antwerp ca. 1540–1596

Rocky Landscape with Satyr, Nymphs, Midas, and Pan (Felsige Landschaft mit Satyrn, Nymphen, Midas und Pan)

  • Mushroom description: Lower center, a small cluster of yellowish brown mushrooms (Hypholoma?)
  • Location: Boden Museum, Berlin, Germany
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen

Gossaert, Jan (Mabuse). Flemish. Maubeuge, 1478-Breda (?) 1532)

Adam and Eve. 1525

  • Mushroom description: A single mushroom (?) near the right foot of Adam.
  • Location: Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
  • Reference:
  • Note: At least nine Goessaert paintings on this theme are known. It seems likely that mushrooms are found in some of them.

Grammorseo, Pietro. Italian/Belgian. Mons? Active in Casale 1521–1531

[a] Virgin and Child with Saint Peter Martin (Madonna col Bambino e San Pietro Martin) 1525

  • Mushroom description: Three grayish mushrooms
  • Location: Galleria Sabauda, Turin, Italy (inv. n° 237)
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen in 2000

[b] The Baptism of Christ (Battesimo di Cristo). 1526 (central panel of a polyptic)

  • Mushroom description: Left lower corner, group of five little grey mamillated mushrooms
  • Location: Galleria Sabauda, Turin, Italy (inv. n° 1080)
  • Note: seen by D. Thoen in 2000 (poor transparency)

Grimmer, Jacob. Flemish. Antwerp ca. 1525-1590

Midday Meal in the Field (Mittagsrat auf dem Felde)

  • Medium: Oils on panel; size: 83 x 111 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Lower left corner: probably a mushroom at the border of a forest, with a snake
  • Reference: Lempertz-Auktion, Alte Kunst, Katalog 526

Grünewald, Matthias = N. G. Nithart. [a]. German. Würzburg 1475 - Halle 1528.

The Trial of St. Anthony (Versuchung des Heiligen Antonius) Isenheim Altarpiece, 1512?–1515?

  • Location: Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar, France
  • Mushroom description: Two polypores on lower right, perhaps ganodermas
  • Reference: 1. Fraenger. Matthias Grünewald. 1983. 2. Mittelstädt. Matthias Grünewald. Berlin. 1987

Huys, Pieter. Flemish. 1519-1584

The Temptation of St. Anthony

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: In foreground, a mouse is carrying a stylized mushroom in its mouth
  • Location: The Louvre, Paris. Metropolitan Museum, New York

Leonardo da Vinci. Italian. 1492-1519

The Virgin of the Rocks. 1510

  • Medium: Oils
  • Mushroom description: Small mushrooms on wood
  • Location: Private collection, Geneva, Switzerland
  • Note: Paintings by the same name in the Louvre (1483-86) and the National Gallery, London (1503-06) have no visible mushrooms.

Ligozzi, Jacopo. Italian. Verona 1547-Florence 1627

Vision of Saint Hyacinth

  • Location: Pinacoteca Nazionale, Lucca, Italy
  • Mushroom description: Indistinct group of mushrooms in left foreground

Maino, Juan Bautista. Spanish. Pastrana ca. 1578- Madrid 1649

Adoration of the Magi (La adoración de los Reyes). ca. 1610

  • Mushroom description: Foreground, two inconspicuous mushrooms, one showing a ring (Agaricus?)
  • Location: El Prado, Madrid
  • Reference: 1. Wasson, G. and V. Mushrooms, Russia, and History. New York: Pantheon Books. 1957. 2. Clavell, Prado-Museum Spanische Kunst. Barcelona. 1991.
  • Web: Wikimedia Commons

Manuel, Nikolaus. Swiss. Bern ca. 1484-1530

The Hermits Paul and Anthony in the Desert (Die Eremiten Paulus und Antonius in der Wüste). 1520

  • Mushroom description: Small polypores on a wooden cellar door
  • Location: Kunstmuseum, Bern, Switzerland
  • Reference: Museum postcar

Orley van, Bernaert (designer). Flemish. 1491-2 d.1542

[a] Departure for the Hunt (Month of March), from “Hunts of Maximilian” Tapestry woven in the Dermormen workshop, Brussels, 1531-33.

  • Medium: Wool, silk, silver and gilt metal wrapped threads. 1528-31
  • Mushroom description: Left: two clusters of Hypholoma(?) on an oak tree bearing a liana (Tamus communis)
  • Location: The Louvre, Paris
  • Viewed at: Exhibit, Metropolitan Museum, NYC. Tapestries in the Renaissance. 2002

[b] The Battle of Pavia (La Bataille de Pavie). 1525-1531

  • Mushroom description: A cluster of mushrooms (Hypholoma?) at the foot of a rotten stump, in the middle below
  • Location: Unknown
  • Reference: L’Humanisme et la Renaissance, l’Univers des Connaissances, Ed. Librarie Hachette, Paris
  • Note: Black and white illustration seen by D. Thoen in Sem Dresden (1967). Illustration made by ‘Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale’, Rome

Patenier, Joachim. Flemish. Dinant or Bouvignes 1485-Antwerp 1524.

[a] Landscape with John the Baptist Preaching (Paysage avec prédication de Saint Jean Baptiste)

  • Mushroom description: Lower left corner, group of four to five small mushrooms
  • Location: Museum of Fine-Arts, Bruxelles (inv. n° 6178)
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen

[b] Mary with the Child in a Landscape (Maria mit dem Kinde in einer Landschaft)

  • Mushroom description: Small whitish mushrooms at the foot of a tree in the left foreground
  • Location: Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt, Germany
  • Reference: Black and white postcard available at the Landesmuseum
  • Note: Seen by D. Thoen
  • WebWeb Gallery of Art

Raphael, School of. 16th century

Worship of the Shepherds (Adorazione dei pastori)

  • Medium: Tapestry
  • Mushroom description: Mushrooms not visible on website
  • Location: Galleria degli Arazzi, Vaticano, Citta’ del Vaticano

Rembrandt, Harmensz van Rijn. Dutch. Leyden 1606-Amsterdam 1699

The Baptism of the Eastern Chamberlain. 1641

  • Medium: print
  • Mushroom description: Fallen cap mushrooms (Macrolepiota?) near a horse’s hoof
  • Location: Unknown
  • Information provided by: H. Marxmüller

Robusti, Jacopo, said 'Tintoretto'. Italian, XVIth.s.

Suzanne bath (French: Suzanne au bain). Around 1550.

  • Medium: oil on canvas, 167 x 238 cm
  • Style: Italian mannerism
  • Mushroom description: four small white mushrooms beneath a trunk overgrown with ivy. The size of the mushrooms can be estimated if you compare them with the ivy leaves: about 3 to 5cm wide. Presence of a stipe is possible but not clear.
  • Location: Louvre Museum, Paris

Rubens, Peter. Flemish. 1577-1640

Milkmaids with Cattle in a Landscape (The Farm at Laeken). ca. 1617-1618

  • Mushroom description: Four to five polypores are on a tree on the right
  • Location: Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace, London
  • Reference: Museum postcard. Verified by Frank Kastama

Sadeler, Egidius (Flemish engraver). Antwerp 1570-Prague 1629

Deer Hunt in a Marsh and Forest Understory (Chasse au chevreuil dans les marais et sous-bois)

  • Original source: After R. Savery. Kortrijk 1576-Utrecht 1639
  • Medium: Copper engraving; size: 22.5 x 22 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Two agarics at the foot of a hollow tree
  • Reference: Les Sadeler- Graveurs et éditeurs. Exposition Chapelle de Nassau [Bruxelles] du 14 février au 28 mars 1992

Saive the Elder, Jean Baptiste de. Flemish. ca. 1540-1624 (attributed to)

A Market Stall

  • Medium: Oils on canvas; size: 136.5 x 186 cm.
  • Mushroom description: One vendor is showing a basket of ostensibly Agaricus campestris
  • Location: Private collection, Scotland
  • Web:

Valkenborgh, Maerten van, I . Flemish, Leuven 1535-Frankfort 1612

Landscape with Hay Cart

  • Mushroom description: Left corner, below: some yellow ochre agaric at the foot of an oak(?) tree
  • Location: Unknown

Vecchio, Palma (Jacopo d'Antonio Nigretti). Italian. Serina, Bergamo, ca. 1480-Venice 1528

Adam and Eve

  • Medium: Oils; size: 202 x 152 cm.
  • Location: Anton Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig, Germany
  • Mushroom description: Right corner, below: probably a mushroom with an orange brown cap, near the left foot of Eve
  • Reference: Museum postcard

Woensam, Anton. German. 1493-1550. Active in Worms

Shrine retable with Saints Gereon or Cassius, Christ the Savior, Mary and Child and St. Helen. (Schreinretabel mit den Heiligen Gereon oder Kassius, Christus Salvator, Maria mit dem Kind und der hl. Helena). ca. 1520

  • Medium: Oils on wood; size: 133.8 x 175.9 cm.
  • Mushroom description: Small campanulate mushrooms on exposed root of tree, in right foreground
  • Location: Diözesiansmuseum (Diocesan Museum), Freising, Germany

Zucchi, Jacopo. Italian ca. 1540-1596

  • The Golden Age (Allegory of the Creation). ca. 1585
  • Medium: Oil on copper
  • Location: Galleria Borghese, Rome
  • Mushroom description: In the center, below the left foot of Atlas, two brown, 0.7 cm. Marasmius with pleated caps. Toward bottom of painting with plants and fruits, a white 0.7 cm. Lactarius cap, with red, depressed center.
  • Reference: Magnificenza! The Medici, Michaelangelo, and the Art of Late Renaissance Florence. Yale University Press. 2002
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