2016 Shenandoah Foray registration is now open!
Please plan to attend the NAMA 2016 Shenandoah Foray (September 8-11, 2016, Front Royal, VA) located in the unique environment of the bio-regions of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. We will be stationed at the Northern Virginia 4-H Center just minutes from Shenandoah National Park and the Appalachian Trail, and just 60 miles from Washington, DC's Dulles Airport. Learn more…
Foray Registration Note
Normally, you can view all pages and content on the NAMA website without being logged in. However, to register for the annual foray, you'll need your login and password. If you've forgotten yours, enter your email address on this page: click here to reset your password. Once you ask for a resend, the temporary password needs to be used within three (3) hours. For further assistance, contact Steve Bichler email@example.com.
Lichens are amazing organisms. They are all around us and we hardly notice them. Found on soil, tree bark, rocks and even some under water, they are actually two organisms living together (symbiosis). The major component is a fungus (mycobiont), hence they are classified as fungi — the vast majority being ascomycetes. Lichens are fungi that have taken up farming, and they are known as lichenized fungi. There are four major growth forms — crustose, foliose, fruticose and squamulose.
To see the page on Lichens written by Dorothy Smullen, follow this link...