• North American Mycological Association

    Promoting, pursuing and advancing mycology

  • Asociación Micológica de América del Norte

    Perseguir y hacer avanzar la micología

  • Association Mycologique d'Amérique du Nord

    Poursuivre et faire progresser la mycologie

Mushrooms to Dye For

The following fungi have been tested and found to be useful for dyeing protein-based fibers. Those with stars (**) are especially sought after. Others will impart a color, but may not make strong or deep colors.

Note: some of these colors would require mordants no longer considered safe to use.

Amylocystis lapponica — pinkish beiges and browns 
Anthracophyllum lateritium — black 
Apiosporina morbosa — greyish beige, various browns 
Astraeus pteridis — various light browns 
  carnosa — See violacens.
  fuligineo-alba — light golden brown (with copper)
  violascens — light beiges, greys and greens
Boletellus mirabilis — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens
  **grisea (AA) — green, grey-green, blue-green
  subsquamosa — dark greens, black 
Boletinellus merulioides — browns, orange
  aerius — See regineus.
  badius — See Royoporus badius.
  carminiporus — yellow-greens, yellows, brownish orange
  edulis — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens
  ferrugineus (spadiceus) — beiges, golds and light browns
  hypocarycinus — See Suillus hypocarycinus.
  illudens — See Suillelius illudens.
  luridiformis — See Neoboletus luridiformis.
  miniato-olivaceus — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens
  mirabilis — See Boletellus mirabilis.
  paluster — browns, orange
  piperatus — See Chalciporus piperatus.
  projectellus — yellows, oranges and browns
  regineus — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens
  rubripes — See Caloboletus rubripes.
  sensibilis — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens 
  spadiceus — See ferrugineus.
  speciosus var. brunneus — See Butryboletus brunneus.
  subvelutipes — beiges and light browns
  tenax— beiges and golds
  zelleri — See Xerocomellus zelleri. 
Byssomerulios incarnatus — pinkish beiges, browns
Butryboletus brunneus — yellows, browns, oranges and olive greens
Caloboletus rubripes — beiges and light browns
  piperatus — various browns
  rubinellus — browns
  jamaicensis — various browns
  rutilus — various browns and orange
  vinicolor — various browns
  americanus — beige, light green, light yellow, greyish purple
  ligula — beige, light green, light brown, greyish purple 
  occidentalis — grey, beige, brown, purple
  pistillaris — See americanus. 
  truncatus — beiges, greyish purple
  acervata — See Connopus acervatus.	
  iocephala — See Gymnopus iocephalus.
Connopus acervatus — beiges, yellow, brown
Coprinellus micaceus — beiges
Coprinopsis atramentaria — beige
  atramentarius — See Coprinopsis atramentaria.
  micaceus — See Coprinellus micaceus.
  armillatus — beiges
  badius — beiges, browns
  bolaris — browns, greens
  brunneus — beiges
  californicus — pinks and purples
  cinnamomeus — browns
  corrugatus — beiges and yellows
  croceofolius — See malicorius.
  croceus — browns and golds
  herpeticus — See scaurus.
  limonius — yellows, oranges, browns
  malicorius — oranges
  **marylandensis — reds, purples
  neosanguineus — reds (AA)
  phoeniceus var. occidentalis — oranges, reds, purples
  **sanguineus — oranges, reds, browns, purples
  **semisanguineus — reds and purples
  scaurus — yellows, beiges
  smithii — reds, orange, violet (AA) 
  tubarius — beiges, orange, browns
  violaceus— greys, light browns
  whiteae — yellows, oranges, browns
Cystostereum murrayi — beiges, pinks
Daedalea quercina — beiges, light brown
Daedaleopsis confragosa— beiges, light brown
  **concentrica — brown
  **grandis — greens, brown
Dibotryon morbosum — See Apiosporina morbosum. 
Echinodontium tinctorium — oranges, browns, purples
Fistulina hepatica — beiges, browns
Flammulina velutipes — beiges, light orange
  fasciatus— browns
  fomentarius — browns, olive
Fuscoboletinus paluster — See Boletus paluster.
  applanatum — beiges, browns
  curtisii — beiges, browns
  tsugae — See Polyporus tsugae.
  sepiarium — beiges, golds, browns
  trabeum — beiges, golds, browns
  glutinosus — browns
  subroseus — beiges, browns
Gomphus clavatus — greyish purple (with iron)
  junonius — yellow, orange, brown, olive 
  liquiritiae — golds, oranges, browns
  luteofolius — yellow, orange, brown, olive
  luteus — yellow, orange, brown, olive
  penetrans— gold, beige, orange, brown
  sapineus — yellow, orange, brown
  spectabilis — See junonius. 
  ventricosus — yellow, orange, brown
  acervatus — See Connopus acervatus.
  iocephalus — blues, purples, grey
Gyrodon merulioides — See Boletinellus merulioides.
  esculenta — beiges, orange, brown
  infula — beiges, orange, brown
Gyroporus cyanescens — light yellow, beige, orange, gold
**Hapalopilus nidulans (rutilans) — purples, brown
Hebeloma mesophaeum — beige, yellow
Hemistropharia albocrenulata — yellow, beige
  aurantiacum — greys, greenish greys
  caeruleum — blues (some greenish), olive
  concrescens — browns
  diabolus — See peckii. 
  peckii — blues (some greenish), olive
  pineticola— greyish and bluish greens, gray, olive, greenish blue
  regium — black and greys (some greenish)
  scrobiculatum (var. zonatum) — See concrescens. 
  spongiosipes — blue, grey, olive
  suaveolens — greenish blues and browns
  fuligineoviolaceum — See Sarcodon fuligineoviolaceum.
  imbricatum — See Sarcodon imbricatus. 
  subincarnatum — blues from bluish beige to bluish green
Hygrocybe conica — browns, greens
  aurantica — See Leratiomyces ceres.
  lateritium — yellow, beige, gold, greenish brown
  sublateritium — See lateritium.
  Hypomyces lactifluorum — oranges (pinks and browns with high pH)
Inocybe angustispora — pinks, browns
  **hispidus — golds, reddish browns, oranges
  obliquus — browns
  rheades — browns, orange
  tomentosus — See Onnia tomentosa. 
  benzoinum — browns
  resinosum — browns 
Lacrymaria lacrymabunda — pinkish browns
Lentinus — See Lenzites.
Lenzites betulina — beiges, golds, browns 
Leptoporus mollis — pinks, browns, red
Leratiomyces ceres — yellows, gold, olive, beige
Leucocoprinus birnbaumii — beige, yellow-brown, grey
  incarnates — See Byssomerulios incarnates.
  tremellosus — pinkish beiges, browns 
Neoboletus luridiformis — various beiges and browns 
  aurantiacum — See Leratiomyces ceres.
  sublateritium — See Hypholoma sublateritium.
Oligoporus sp. — See Postia sp.
Omphalotus olivascens — greyish purple, olive, blue-green, blackish brown
Onnia tomentosa — beige, browns, orange
  **atrotomentosus — See Tapinella atrotomentosa.
  involutus — pinkish and greenish browns
  panuoides — See Tapinella panuoides. 
Peniophora quercina — beiges, pinks 
**Phaeolus schweinitzii — gold, orange, brown, olive
  chrysoloma — golds, oranges, browns
  everhartii — oranges, browns
  gilvus — browns, oranges
  robineae — oranges, browns
  alboniger — See melaleucus. 
  atratus— dark blues and greens, greenish blue
  confluens — grey-browns, olive, bluish green
  melaleucus — — bluish grey and green, blues (some greenish), olive
  niger — greys, grey blue, grey green
  tomentosus — browns, beige
  incarnate — See Byssomerulios incarnate.
  tremellosa — See Merulius tremellosus.
  albocrenulata — See Hemistropharia albocrenulata. 
  aurivella — beiges, yellows, light brown
  flammans— yellow, oranges, brown, olive
  malicola — beiges, gold
  squarrosa — beiges, gold
  squarrosoides — yellow, browns, gold
  velaglutinosa — yellow, oranges, browns
  leucomycelinus — beiges, gold
  pelletieri — beiges, gold
  rhodoxanthus — beiges, gold
  arhizus — dark brown
  tinctorius — See arhizus.
Polyozellus multiplex — greys (blue and green), moss-green
  badius — beige, gold, olive
  elegans — See leptocephalus.
  leptocephalus — beige, gold, olive 
  melanopus — beige, browns
  picipes — See varius.
  tsugae — beiges, browns
  varius — beige, gold, olive
Polyrhizum (geaster) — browns 
  caesia — beige, brown
  fragilis — beige, greenish brown
Psathyrella velutina — See Lacrymaria lacrymabunda.
Pulveroboletus ravenelii — yellows, gold, olive
Pycnoporellus fulgens — beige, orange, light brown
  cinnabarinus — See coccineus.
  coccineus — light to medium golden brown
  sanguineus — See coccineus.
  abietina — beiges, grey
  ochraceovirens — See abietina.
Royoporus badius — yellows, browns, oranges
Russula ventricosipes — light brownish orange, light yellow brown
  fuligineoviolaceus — blues (greenish to grey)
  fuscoindicus — blues (greenish to grey)
  imbricatus — beige, grey-greens, bluish grey
  joeides — beige, blue-greens, blue
  scabrosus — beige, blue (some greenish)
  subincarnatus — See Hydnum subincarnatum. 
  underwoodii — beige, blues, bluish green
Sarcodontia setosa — pinkish brown
  geaster — See Polyrhizum geaster.
  macrorhizon — browns (pinkish)
  meridionale — browns (pinkish) 
  polyrhizon — browns
  murrayi — beiges, pinks
  tuberculosum — See Peniophora quercina. 
Stropharia ambigua — greenish greys and browns
Suillelius illudens — beiges and golds
  americanus — beiges and browns 
  clintonianus — See grevillei. 
  cothurnatus — beige, brown, orange 
  granulatus — beige, brown, orange 
  grevillei — beige, browns, grey
  hypocarycinus — various beiges and browns
  **atrotomentosa — purple, olive, dark blue, dark brown
  panuoides — purple grey, olive, greenish brown
  anthocephala — browns, grey-greens, black 
  palmata — browns, grey-greens, black
  terrestris — browns, grey-brown
  vialis — greenish greys and blues, bluish greys, olive
  hirsuta — greys, blues, greens
  pubescens — greys, blues, greens
  versicolor (blue form only) — greys, blues, greens
Tricholoma vaccinum — beige, yellow, brown
Tricholomopsis rutilans — yellow-browns
  alboater — beige, browns from greenish to pinkish
  atronicotianus — beige, browns from greenish to pinkish
Xerocomellus zelleri — yellows, oranges and browns
List and color information adapted from The Rainbow Beneath My Feet, by Arleen and Alan Bessette, (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001). Names updated April 2015 per Index Fungorum and MushroomObserver with invaluable assistance from Debbie Viess, who also provided additions from Mycopigments, the website maintained by Alissa Allen (AA).